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al-Jazari

Father of Robotics

Who is al-Jazari?

Ibn al-Razzaz Al-Jazari (1136-1206) was a Kurdish Muslim polymath: Scholar, Sciencist, Artist and Craftsman from Cizre, located in North Kurdistan. He spent most of his life in Diyarbekir (current Diyarbakir) and worked there as the chief engineer. al-Jazari is known as Leonardo da Vinci of Muslim World.

 

He lived during islamic golden age (Middle ages) and was a part of Kurdish Madrasa Tradition. His most notable interests were Mechanics, Robotics, Islamic Arts and Cybernetics.

 

al-Jazari is remembered for his automaton designs, including water-operated automatons, many of which were moving peacocks. Most are decorative fanciful objects, though some also serve a function. Leonardo da Vinci is said to have been influenced by the classic automatons of him.

 

al-Jazari is best known with his writing "The Book of Knowledge of Ingenious Mechanical Devices" in 1206, where he described 100 mechanical devices, some 80 of which are trick vessels of various kinds, along with instructions on how to construct them. The book's style resembles that of a modern "do-it-yourself" book.

 

al-Jazari's ethnicity is still disputed to this day, some sources suggest that he was of Arab origin. Nevertheless most of the universities and academicians agree that he was of Kurdish origin. His hometown Cizre is still 100% Kurdish despite of the permanent immigration of Arabs and their Colonialism in Kurdish territories since 7th century. In addition all the people with surname "al-Jazari" are Kurdish. Such as Ibn al-Jazari and Ibn al-Athir al-Jazari.

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